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Bakri Id

Muslims, either "Sunni" or the "Shites" believe in the prophet Mohammed . The principles of Islam lie within the teachings of their holy book the "Koran". The five pillars of Islam are - Faith in Allah, Praying, five times a day, Almsgiving, Keeping the Fast and the Pilgrimage to Mecca. Many pilgrims make the great Haj or pilgrimage to Mecca. While the pilgrims are making their sacrifices at Mina, the ceremony is observed simultaneously by Muslims everywhere.  

The feast of sacrifice, Idul-Adha, in India pronounced Idul Azha and popularly known as Bakri Id, is celebrated on the tenth day of the month Dhu'l Hijja. The festival has come to be known as Bakri Id although it is not originally associated with "bakris" or goats. It is just that the more affluent in India prefer to sacrifice goats, as the sacrifice of cows in India is quite out of the question. In some Arab nations, this sacrifice is usually that of a camel. Prayers are offered at mosques throughout India during the day. Muslims wear new clothes and there is feasting and rejoicing. Biryani - a rice dish - is prepared along with Seviyan - a dessert.

The Story

According to popular belief, Prophet Ibrahim was put to a tough test by Allah to prove his faith. He was asked to sacrifice his son Ismail. Without any hesitation Prophet Ibrahim blind-folded himself and made the offering on the Mount of Mina near Mecca. When Prophet Ibrahim opened his eyes, he was astonished to find a goat lying upon the altar and his son Ismail standing in front of him. Ever since, moslems all over the world over offer sacrifices on this festival day.

The Muslims traditionally offer the sacrifice of a goat or a sheep or a camel as part of the festival. The animal to be sacrificed is fed for seven days before being offered to the Almighty.  The meat is then divided into three portions - one part for the poor, another for friends and relatives and whatever remains is for the family., Muslims sacrifice one animal per family or group of families. There are prayers in mosques, feasting, and rejoicing. New clothes are worn and visits and greetings are exchanged.

Bakri Id is celebrated with ritualistic fervor in Andhra Pradesh and in particular, the old city of Hyderabad. 



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