The Aryans are believed to have developed the Sanskrit language and made significant contributions to India's religion. Sanskrit is the basis and the unifying factor of the vast majority of Indian languages.
India has fifteen national languages recognized by the Indian constitution and these are spoken in over 1600 dialects. Many Indians understand several languages and can speak many too.
It is sad that the generation born here in the US have difficulty learning the languages because many of the parents speak English at home to communicate with their kids. Learning languages is like learning culture and traditions.....it has to be practiced. In this fast life of dot coms and super speedy life styles try to take a few minutes of the day to converse with your kids in your mother tongue. Even if it is to say "Hi, How was your day?" Today there are many Indian language newspapers on the net. Here is a site where you can down load the Indian language script.
IndianLanguages.com : A site for Indian Regional Language Fonts.
And here are a few Indian Sites in the Indian language scripts
NaiDunia - Hindi news site.
Lokmat -Maharashtrian newspaper.
Send e-mails in Indian Languages on E-patra.com
India has a wide variety of local languages and in many cases the State boundaries have been drawn on linguistic lines. Besides Hindi and English, the other popular languages are
Click on the language to go to it
Some Indian languages have evolved from the Indo-European group of languages. This set is known as the Indic group of languages. The other set of languages are Dravidian and are native to South India, though a distinct influence of Sanskrit and Hindi is evident in these languages. Most of the Indian languages have their own script and are spoken in the respective states along with English.
Hindi is spoken as a mother tongue by about 40.22 percent of the population, mainly in the area known as the Hindi belt comprising Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. It is the official language of the Indian Union, of the four states mentioned above, and of two other states namely, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.
Bengali is spoken by nearly 200 million people in the world- in West Bengal and in Bangladesh. It developed as a language in the 13th century and is the official state language of the eastern state of West Bengal.
Konkani, principally based on classical Sanskrit, belongs to the southwestern branch of Indo-Aryan languages. It is spoken in the Konkan region covering Goa and parts of the coastal regions of Karnataka, Kerala and Maharashtra.
Sanskrit is one of the oldest languages of the world and also the language of classical India. All the classical literature and the Indian epics have been written in this language. Here is an online Sanskrit dictionary http://www.alkhemy.com/sanskrit/dict/
Sindhi is spoken by a great number of people in the North-west frontier of the Indian sub-continent comprising parts of India and Pakistan. In Pakistan, the language is written in the Perso-Arabic script, while in India it uses the Devnagri script.
Urdu is the state language of Jammu and Kashmir and it evolved with Hindi in the capital of India, Delhi. Urdu is the language adopted by the majority of the Muslims in India. Urdu is written in the Persio-Arabic script and contains many words from the Persian language. Wonderful poetry is read and written in this language.